One of the threats that businesses face on a daily basis is database security. Your company’s confidential and important data can be lost when your database is compromised. Given the important information and applications that database hold, their security is paramount. Moreover, if people have different permission levels when accessing your databases, there should be a way to monitor and track any changes done.
Today, there is increasing regulation and security policies on database management. For example, with more people using their credit cards to pay for goods and/or services on the internet, companies must take steps to ensure the credit card information of the customers is secure. Any company that handles sensitive data online has to implement stringent and secure database rules.
However, many companies still struggle to keep their databases secure from third party intrusions. One report by a top security research firm indicates that most companies are not aware when their databases are compromised. Sometimes, changes in the databases can result to security breaches or outages. If the databases that are compromised contains sensitive information, companies can incur huge losses. For instance, what would happen if a proprietary blueprint of a company is accessed by third parties? Such a company can incur millions or billions of dollars in losses if they lose their product blueprints, and later find them in the underground data market.
It makes sense to make database security a priority given all the losses that security breaches and database compromises can lead to. Here is one of the best practices you can adopt to streamline compliance and maintain database security.
Reduce Server Security Exposure
You should take the necessary steps to improve your database security before installation. The first thing you should check is ensure the components you want to install are actually necessary for your database. You should also change the database password from the different one used to log into the server. Using the same username and password for the server as well as the database lowers the security of the database. If the server credentials have extended privileges and an unauthorized person gains access to it, your database can be compromised.
To improve the security of your database, avoid using the default settings that the database is configured with. For example, after installing a database, you should disable or rename the default system account. Changing the default settings of some server instances will also help to reduce the chances of your database being compromised. For instance, you should change the port number allocated to the database during the installation. Disabling and hiding default browser or server settings will also go a long way in improving your database security.